House Plant Care - Fiddle Leaf Fig
The fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata) is a popular indoor specimen plant which has very large, heavily veined, violin-shaped leaves that grow upright. These are natively belonging to tropical parts of Africa, where they thrive in very warm and wet conditions. The natural environment is hot, humid, and it rains often but lightly, while the sun dries up moisture quickly. They have giant green leaves with lots of cells that need lots of sunlight for food production. They take longer times to adjust to your environment due to the extreme climatic differences.
Just like other plants, in that it uses the sun’s energy to produce its food. Due to its heavily built leaves, they require much sunlight, comparatively, to the other plants. If the leaves are dropping, it’s a sigh of not getting required sunlight. Each cell of the plant produces and provides food for the rest of the plant, as it is huge, all parts of cells require sunlight. So, they can be evenly distributed.
Once in a week using a damp-cloth dust the leaves. It helps in photosynthesis and also keeps the pores open for sun and maintains the attraction. Moreover, you can trim off any damaged or dead leaves as they arise, as they no longer benefit the plant. You can get habituated for cutting the top stem for the plant’s better growth.
To Do: For Growth
Fiddle-leaf figs require 300 – 800 foot candles of bright-filtered light to grow and look their best. Do not give exposure to hot afternoon sun, it may burn the leaves. And plants that are kept in very low light conditions will fail to grow rapidly. They like a moderate amount of moisture in the soil. Fiddle is relatively easy to water. Whenever the soil dries out, keep adding water. The rate you water will depend on the temperature of your indoor space, so gage watering between every 5-10 days. Water ¼ - ⅓ of the pot’s volume. So, you can saturate the soil with just enough water, and let it dry.
The quality of any indoor soil mix should be suitable for this plant. Ensure that the soil drains well. Fertilize throughout the growing season with a high-nitrogen plant food, following label instructions. Generally, you need not to feed in the winters.
More about the plant
Annually plan to repot a young fiddle-leaf fig every spring. Pick a container of two inches larger in diameter, a sturdy structure than the existing one. Once the plant is mature, it likely will be too large to repot. Other hand, replacing a few inches of top layer soil in each spring with fresh soil helps in restoring the nutrients.
Humidity, temperature swings, air drafts, over watering. This plant is sensitive to a few things, and dropping leaves may be an indication of any or all of these factors. It might take a few extra steps monitoring the environment in your home and caring for your Fiddle. But there's nothing you can’t handle being a great parent.